Death punishment or Capital punishment is a kind of punishment given by the State authority to a person for a crime where the person is put to death. This punishment breaches the most essential right of a man: the right to life. It is a non-refundable punishment. It does not give a chance to be reformed. So, it should be abolished and men should be given chance to be reformed.
Now, I’ll tell you why death punishment should be abolished:
1. This type of punishment is irrevocable. One can be sent to death on the basis of false proof. Later, if he is proved not to be guilty, his life can not be given back. Texas Man Cameron Todd Willingham was executed in Texas for allegedly setting a fire that killed his three daughters. After his execution, more evidence revealed and it was proved that he did not set the fire. But it was too late.
2. One of the objectives of punishment is to reform the moral character of the offender. But death punishment gives no room to a criminal to be reformed as it takes his life totally.
3. One of the most essential human right of a person is right to life. Every man wants to live, but death punishment breaches this valuable right as it takes away the right to life of him. Furthermore, the death punishment undermines human dignity which is inherent to every human being.
4. Death punishment is a punishment given by the State authority. Sometimes it is seen that State party is biased. The death penalty is often used in a disproportional manner against the poor, minorities and members of racial, ethnic, political and religious groups.
5. Scientific studies have consistently failed to demonstrate that execution deter people from committing crime. In the third world countries, there are lots of death penalties happening every year, people’s moral character have not changed towards committing crimes. In certain States of United States where death penalty has been abolished, there are fewer crimes than in those States where capital punishment is retained.
Justice Bhagwati views that death penalty for the offence of murder does not serve any legitimate social purpose, whether it is reformation, denunciation by the community or retribution and deterrence. The civilised goal of criminal justice is the reformation of the criminal and death penalty means the abandonment of this goal for those who suffer it. It defeats the reformatory end of punishment. There is no way of accurately predicting or knowing with any degree of moral certainty that a murderer will not be reformed or is incapable of reformation. There are examples where the most vicious have been reformed. To take human life even with the sanction of law and under the cover of judicial authority, is retributive barbarity and violent futility, travesty of dignity and violation of the divinity of man. Retaliation can have no place in a civilised society. It should be abolished as soon as possible for the betterment of the society.